are more conversant with total elongation, the proposed code for India may continue to use total elongation
as defined presently. However the values should be increased in light of the properties obtained through the quenching and
tempering process now increasingly used in the country and the vast regions of high intensity earthquake-prone areas in the
A summary of properties specified to Thermex Licensees and the typical properties as noted
from Thermex rebars are given in Table 2 alongwith that specified in IS: 1786-1985.
Table 2: A comparison - IS Code 1786 and Properties of Thermex rebars.
values of Thermex Grades 400 and 500 rebars mentioned in the Table-2 above do not include samples from the Durgapur
and Bhilai Steel Plants of SAIL. Instead they are test results obtained in the period from August 2000 to April 2003 of 934
samples in the small mills of Thermex Licensees. Special importance is given in checking the Stress Ratio as this is a very
significant factor when considering rebars for earthquake zones. Many Licensees get
UTS / YS values in the range of 1.20 to 1.35 even for Grade 500 against the IS standard of only 1.08.
Suggested IS Code
in mind the above and that 50% of India falls are under seismic zones 3,4 &5 the basic changes which may be considered,
are as follows:
- The minimum elongation, A5, should not be less than 16% for
- Since CTD rebars will continue to be made, a grade 350 with 17% elongation
can be added.
- Grade Fe 415 may be replaced by a grade of 450 to allow for savings in
steel. Grade Fe 550 may be deleted as it is hardly ever used and does not exist in Codes of most countries.
- The mechanical properties to be specified should be restricted to Yield
strength, Stress Ratio and elongation. Tensile strength need not be specified as limits for the same will be restricted by
the Rm/Re Stress ratio.
- An upper and lower limit to be prescribed for both Yield Strength and
Stress Ratio as is done in the new AS/NZS Code4671-2001.
- Special identifying marks to be evolved for identifying the rebar Grade.
This will make the site engineer’s job easier.
- It should be made mandatory for all rebars to have distinguishing marks
to identify the producer.
in line with the above could be incorporated. For example, B. I. S may consider reducing the C content to 0.25% as against
the present 0.30%.
properties can be as tabulated below in Table 3. Grade 350 will be mainly for CTD bars.